Journal article Open Access
This article provides an overview of the main research methods used in the soundscape studies. The concept of the soundscape has been developed in the seventies by the Canadian composer Murray Schafer to designate all the sounds present in a given environment. It is a multidisciplinary field of study that aims at improving the quality of sound environments, as a developmental factor of well-being for people living in it. For this purpose, different methods of investigation are being used, which have been developed within different disciplinary approaches and which can be classified according to the type of data - objective or subjective, to the type of data measurement - quantitative or qualitative and to the context of laboratory or field studies they are carried out in. The main methods include sound walks, historical and literary research, sound recordings, sound maps, audience activation, sound witnesses, questionnaires, interviews, Likert and semantic scales.